Ethiopia is Africa’s oldest independent state and one of two African countries avoided colonial rule.
The country occupied by Italy in the 1930s, forcing the Emperor Haile Selassie to flee. Ethiopia hosts the African Union (AU) and is one of the world’s largest troop contributor to united nations peacekeeping operations.
During its brief military occupation during World War II, Italy never established colonial control over Ethiopia prior to the fact Ethopia was seen as a self sufficient and independent country.
Ethopia has the largest Africa’s hydro electric power project. Once it is completed, it would allow the country to export electricity to its neighbors (US Congressional Research Service).
Ethiopia is endowed with natural resources that make a significant contribution to the economy which includes gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas and hydro power and also at least a million people are estimated to be employed in gold mining
However, in 2015, Ethiopia played a significant role in the world’s production of pumice and tantalum.
Ethiopia has never really been supported by rich mineral resources. Instead, it relied on advances in agriculture as the country was among the first African people to adopt plowing technology, and that was what made Ethiopia stand out from amd unique from other African countries.
The country’s state formation capabilities, advances in agricultural production and fiscal structures made it difficult to colonize Ethopia, because it seems that the country was doing very well and the need for any help from other countries were not considered as were self sufficient for themselves.
Ethiopia and Liberia are widely believed to be the only two African countries to have never been colonized. Their location, economic viability, and unity helped them avoid colonization